Sumac Spice (سمّاق summāq) is one of about 35 species of flowering plants. Sumacs grows in subtropical and moderate climate regions throughout the world , especially in East Asia, the Middle East, Africa and North America.
The fruits of the plant are ground into a reddish-purple powder used as a spice in Middle Eastern cuisine to add a tart, lemony taste to salads or meat. It is often used as a garnish on appetizer dishes such as humus, and is added to salads, as well as being one of the main ingredients in Palestine’s national dish, Musakhan.
Sumac is also added to rice, kebab, and lahmajoun or is used in the spice mixture za’atar.